A) How a Bill becomes a Law - Province of Ontario
B) The Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act
Ontario: "Worst to first". In the prevention of cruelty to animals.
Animal Welfare: Cruelty to animals will not be tolerated in Ontario
Changes to Improve Animal Welfare
s. 11.2(1) provides that no person shall cause an animal to be in "distress" which is defined as "the state of being in need of proper care, water, food, or shelter or being in need, sick, or in pain or suffering or being abused or subject to undue or unnecessary hardship, /, or neglect". Ontario Bill 50
See also Ont. Reg 60/09 - Standard of Care; 62/09 - Exemptions; 59/09 - General
C) Dog Owners' Liability Act + Ont. Regs. 157/05 & 434/05 Pit Bull Controls
This Act makes dog owners liable for any damage caused by dog bites to persons or domestic animals. Dogs that attack or pose a nusance to the safety of persons or domestic animals An application is made to the Court may order destruction of the dog or provide better control of the dog by making an order with conditions such as ensuring the dog is on a leash, muzzled, confined to a secure area, warning signs, or prohibition from owning a dog for a certain time.The Occupier's Liability Act does not apply when a person is attacked or bitten on the owner of the property where the dog is housed. The Provicial Offences Act applies to any prosecution.The Act also provides for the banning of Pit Bulls in Ontario. The Act goes to great length to define a -"pit bull". It also bars breeding, importing, or transferring of pit bull in Ontario. There are grandfather clauses for pit bulls in the province before 2005. This makes the dog a "restricted pit bull" thaty must be muzzled, leashed, and sterilized. An offence under this part can provide for a fine up to $10,000.00 and/or 6 months in jail. If any puppies they must be surrendered.
Note 1: The Supreme Court of Canada in Cochrane v. Ontario refused to hear Ms. Cochran's appeal thereby dismissing a leave to appeal from the Ontario Court of Appeal that challenged the constitutionality of the Pit Bull Controls under the Dog Owners' Liability Act.
Note 2: R. v. Higgins 2009 ONCJ155 set aside the destruction of a Pit Bull. The court in its interpretation of s. 4(3) and s. 4(8) of the Dog Owners' Liability Act - the order for the destruction of the dog shall only be made after determining the protection of the public.
There are 500,000 dog bites per year in Canada. In North America there are 80 million dogs as companions. There are 4.5 million dog bites in the US.
D) Animals for Research Act
This Act regulates research facilities and supply facilities of animals. It provides that both must be separate from the other and have separate registration. The supply facilities are set aside for the breeding and rearing of animals while the research facilities are for scientific research. The Act sets up an Animal Care Committee to oversee the operation. A veterinarian must be on the Committee. If it appears that any animal is in pain it must be anaesthetized. If there are any breaches, the Act provides for a $2000 fine and/or 3 months in jail.
E) Livestock, Poultry, and Honey Bee Protection Act RSO 90 C.L24
F) Residential Tenancies Act
G) Veterinarians Act
H) Municipal Act
I) Ontario Hunting Regulations
J) Ontario Fishing Regulations